ETP RETAIL HOLDINGS, LLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED AND COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Dollars in millions)
All of these derivatives are recognized in the balance sheets at their fair
value. Changes in fair value of derivative instruments that have not been designated as hedges for accounting purposes are recognized in net income as they occur.
Income taxes are accounted
for under the asset and liability method as if the Company were a separate taxpayer during the period that its operations were included as part of a federal consolidated tax return filing group with its parent company. Under this method,
deferred tax assets and liabilities of the Company are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax
basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change
in tax rate is recognized in earnings in the period that includes the enactment date.
Valuation allowances are established when necessary
to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts more likely than not to be realized. The determination of the provision for income taxes requires significant judgment, use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws.
Significant judgment is required in assessing the timing and amounts of deductible and taxable items and the probability of sustaining uncertain tax positions. The benefits of uncertain tax positions are recorded in our financial statements only
after determining a more-likely-than-not probability that the uncertain tax positions will withstand challenge, if any, from taxing authorities. Then, the tax benefit recognized is the largest amount of benefit, determined on a cumulative
probability basis, which is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement. When facts and circumstances change, we reassess these probabilities and record any changes through the provision for income taxes.
Under the separate entity method, the Company is assumed to file a separate return with the taxing authority, thereby reporting its taxable
income or loss and paying the applicable tax to or receiving the appropriate refund from its parent. However, since there is no tax-sharing agreement in place between the Company and its parent, any taxes payable or receivable on current
taxable income or loss at the end of each reporting date is treated as a capital contribution or dividend.
On June 1, 2014, the
Companys investment in Sunoco LLC was re-structured to become treated as a partnership for federal and state income tax purposes. Similarly, on July 1, 2014, earnings from the Companys investment in PES ceased to be taxed at the
corporate level. Since income taxes are not provided for partnerships, no income taxes are reflected in the financial statements for operations conducted subsequent to these dates. Also, since there is no tax-sharing agreement providing for the
payment or refund of income taxes on the date the investments were contributed to the partnership, any remaining current or deferred taxes payable or receivable as of these dates are treated as a capital contribution or dividend. Similarly, all
liabilities related to uncertain income tax liabilities are treated as capital contributions as of the respective dates noted above.
The Company uses fair value measurements to measure, among other items, purchased assets and derivative contracts. The
Company also uses such measurements to assess impairment of properties, equipment and intangible assets. The guidance does not apply to inventory pricing.
We determine the fair value of our assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurement by using the highest possible level of
inputs. Level 1 inputs are observable quotes in an active market for identical assets and liabilities. We consider the valuation of commodity derivatives transacted through a clearing broker with a